What is the UV Index?
The UV (UltraViolet) Index is a tool used for sun protection. It was developed by Environment Canada to inform us about the strength of the sun's UV radiation. The higher the number, the stronger the sun's rays and the greater the need for protection.
You can find the UV index number at the bottom of your local daily forecast.
- Low (0-2): Minimal sun protection required. If you plan on being outside for more than one hour, wear sunglasses and sunscreen.
- Moderate (3-5): Take precautions. Cover up; wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen if outside for more than 30 minutes. Seek shade by noon.
- High (6-7): Protection required. Unprotected skin can sunburn. Reduce time in sun between 11:00 am and 4:00 pm. Seek shade. Cover up; wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.
- Very High (8-10): Extra protection is required. Unprotected skin will be damaged and can burn quickly. Avoid the sun between 11:00 am and 4:00 pm. Seek shade. Cover up; wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.
- Extreme (11): Maximum protection required. Unprotected skin can burn in minutes. Avoid the sun between 11:00 am and 4:00 pm. Stay in the shade. Cover up; wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.
Treatment for Sunburn
- Remove the person from the sun
- Place person in a cool (not cold) shower or bath
- Apply cool compresses
- Do not wash skin with soap
- Avoid creams or lotions that have a numbing effect (this can hold the heat in)
- Aloe gel can be used
- Offer extra fluids for 2-3 days afterward
- For pain relief, use Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen. Do not give ASA to children.
Treatment for Heat Stroke
- Call 911 if the person has a high body temperature, is unconscious, confused or stopped sweating
- Move the person to a cool place
- Apply cold water to large areas of the person's skin or clothing
- Fan the person
Submitted by Patty Frandsen, a Registered Nurse working in the Riverside Medical Clinic and with Dr. FIlanti at the Primacy Medical Clinic.